A long term inflammatory disease that affects the linings of the colon and rectum, ulcerative colitis is an autoimmune disease and causes ulcers and abscesses both colon and rectum, when the disease condition aggravates to life threatening stages. Severe ulcerative colitis results in intermittent flare-ups of symptoms like diarrhoea, abdominal pain, cramps, fever, weight loss, malnutrition, and constant fatigue. Anaemia is another commonly found symptom that ulcerative colitis patients often experience. It results in the significant lowering of the levels of red blood cells in the body. Alternative flare-ups and remissions are common to both Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis conditions, and can often be a hurdle that disrupts the comprehensiveness diagnosis of the disease conditions. However, with specialized differential diagnosis methods, physicians can easily identify and distinguish both the diseases. Though both Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis have a set of symptoms in common, the difference lies in the affected areas, which are different for both Crohn’s disease and ulcerative conditions. Hence  Surgery For IBD conditions vary significantly with changes in affected areas and the severity of disease conditions. However, surgeries are recommended only during the latter part of the treatment process, when medications like TNF antagonists fail to provide the required healing and remission. Physicians adopt several tests to diagnose ulcerative colitis. Some of them include:

  1. Blood tests

  2. Stool tests

  3. CT scan

  4. Sigmoidoscopy

  5. Endoscopy

  6. Biopsy

Nearly 20 to 45 percent of ulcerative colitis patients have to opt for surgeries to remove the affected areas of their colons. Ulcerative colitis surgeries are recommended due to the following reasons:

  1. Failure of medical therapies
  2. Risk of colorectal cancer
  3. Rupture of colon
  4. Extensive bleeding
  5. Severe disease conditions
  6. Major side-effects of medications used
  7. Toxic megacolon, resulting in the dilatation of muscles of large intestine and colon.

No disease wreaks havoc without a specific cause that triggers the disease and creates a disruption in the normal functioning of our body. However, the exact cause of ulcerative colitis, one among the commonly found inflammatory bowel disease, is yet to be revealed. The causative factors that trigger ulcerative colitis (UC) are mostly unknown, but, gaining a comprehensive understanding the disease will help minimize its impact on our life. An autoimmune disease that triggers a set of non-specific symptoms that results in major hassles in both diagnosis and treatment, ulcerative colitis can be accurately detected only through differential diagnosis methods that help analyse the symptoms and clinical examination details using a scientific and step-by-step process that helps accept/rule-out the symptoms one after the other, thereby detecting the exact disease condition and its severity. Ulcerative colitis causes inflammation of the colon or large intestine, whereas Crohn’s disease that shares a set of common symptoms can affect the entire digestive tract. Ulcerative proctitis is yet another inflammatory bowel disease that results in chronic inflammation of the rectum. Our immune system normally fights -off infections by releasing WBC into the blood, subsequently destroying the cause infection, resulting in inflammation of tissues in the affected area. In ulcerative colitis patients, the immune system mistakes useful bacteria in the colon as a harmful agent, thus triggering chronic inflammation in the colon and rectum.

Far from the misconception that arose from the higher amount of similar and generic symptoms, inflammatory bowel disease conditions like ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease are different from irritable bowel disease, as they latter does not cause inflammation, ulcers, and related damages to the gastrointestinal tract. A less dangerous disease condition and functional disorder that makes the digestive system look normal, by veiling the illness deep within. Living with IBDs like ulcerative colitis isn’t easy and its debilitating symptoms like rectal bleeding and acute abdominal pain can be unbearable, the reason why comprehensive diagnosis and cures are recommended sooner to help reduce inflammations and ulcerations in the lining of the colon.

More information can be obtained on https://www.gutpeople.net a bespoke social networking website, developed solely for gastroenterologists around the world. GI health care experts who specialize in GI disorders can register with The Gut People and start interacting with top GI experts around the world, on various commonly found gastrointestinal disorders like inflammatory bowel disease and intestinal tuberculosis. The Gut People is also equipped with unique functionalities that help download informative documents on gastrointestinal disorders, as well as their comprehensive diagnosis steps and advance treatment methods.

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