On-time and accurate diagnosis is the first and most crucial step to detecting disease, and IBD is no different. However, unlike other diseases that can be detected with simple and easily implementable diagnostic methods, IBD diagnosis involves numerous tests that are recommended based on the severity of the disease. The intermittent flare-ups and subsiding of symptoms too result in major difficulties in detecting what exactly the illness is. This is the major reason why experts suggest,  Differential Diagnosis IBD, a set of specific tests that help diagnose IBD conditions such as Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis. The diagnosis culminates and the disease get diagnosed only after ruling out the possibilities of other intestinal disorders that trigger the same set of symptoms. Some of them include ischemic colitis, infections, and irritable bowel syndrome. In order to diagnose confirm the diagnosis of inflammatory bowel disease, one gas to undergo a combination of sets that are recommended after a primary analysis which helps determine the overall health condition of IBD patients.

Tests to detect anaemia and infection – Blood tests for IBD help determine anaemia and infections. Anaemia results from the inadequate number of red blood cells that help carry oxygen to various tissues. IBD-related blood tests also help detect the signs of bacterial and virus infections.

Fecal occult blood tests or analysis of stool sample helps detect hidden blood stains in stool

Colonoscopy is performed with the aid of a thin, flexible, and light tube with a camera attached towards its end. Biopsy is another crucial diagnostic process, which is often conducted along with colonoscopy, wherein a small sample of the tissue from the affected area is taken and analysed in laboratory. The presence of clusters of inflammatory cells or granulomas in these tissues will help confirm the diagnosis of IBD.

Results from these tests help affirm the diagnosis, based on which personalised IBD treatments are recommended.

Inflammatory bowel disease treatments are administered with the goal of reducing inflammation and thus supress the excruciating pain and related symptoms. This will not only supress the painful and debilitating IBD symptoms, but will also lead to long term remission that guarantees lasting relief, along with reducing the amount of risks and complications associated with IBD. Treatment for inflammatory bowel disease involves both medication and surgical procedures. However, both do not promise a complete cure, but can supress the debilitating symptoms, thereby providing lasting relief and notable improvement in health and wellness. Hence, doctors advocate one among these treatments, based on the health condition, symptoms, and clinical history of the patients. IBD treatments begin with mild drugs to supress the symptoms. If they fail to curb IBD signs, stronger and fast-acting medicines are recommended as a part of the second phase of inflammatory bowel treatment process. With that said, we must also keep in mind that several researchers around the world are actively involved in comprehensive and in-depth researches that help explore more result guaranteeing medicines and treatment processes for IBD cure.

Anti-Inflammatory drugs for IBD

The primary and crucial step to addressing inflammatory bowel disease signs, anti-inflammatory drugs can quickly and effectively supress the signs of IBD, along with helping patients regain their health and wellness. Given below are a few among the FDA approved drugs for IBD cure

Aminosalicylates can help reduce IBD symptoms and guarantee long term relief. The first set of medicines that helped pioneer IBD cure, Aminosalicylates have been successfully used for more than 30 years to cure IBD.

Prednisone and hydrocortisone are commonly recommended corticosteroids for IBD cure. However, they are suggested only upon detecting moderate to severe disease conditions where patients’ body remain unresponsive to other medications. Corticosteroids can be given intravenously and orally, apart from methods like enema and suppository, based on the affected part of the digestive tract.

No bowel illness is easy to deal with, as it triggers an array of insufferable symptoms that worsen our health condition. This debilitating situation might worsen and deteriorate to life threating conditions with the onset of immune disorders like inflammatory bowel diseases, subsequently followed by excruciating symptoms like diarrhoea, abdominal pain, and sudden weight loss. Inflammatory bowel disease can result in acute inflammation in the digestive tract, leading to the development of painful ulcers that supress the ability of the gut to digest and absorb food naturally.

Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis are the commonly found inflammatory bowel diseases, though there are a handful of other inflammatory diseases that are found among a meagre number of patients. Both ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease can result in a reasonable amount of misdiagnosis dilemmas, as they trigger an array of complicating levels of symptoms that are often simple and commonly found. As symptoms like diarrhoea, fatigue, weight loss triggered by several other diseases as well, physicians often opt for differential diagnosis to detect inflammatory bowel diseases.

IBDs that are not detected in the earlier stages can result in debilitating and lifetime complications that worsen bodily conditions, thereby resulting in deteriorating health conditions that can hardly be cured by the usually recommended medications alone. Hence, inflammatory bowel disease conditions have to be detected during its earlier phases, in order to pick the right treatments that can soon curb the disease symptoms, thereby promising lasting relief.

Causes of inflammatory bowel diseases:

Although the exact reason that triggers both Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis is yet to be discovered, here are a few reasons that are possibly playing a crucial role in triggering the disease:

  1. Genetic reasons

  2. Disruptions in immune system of the body

As mentioned before, with no permanent and successful cure for IBD, treatments available currently are administered with the aim of providing long term relief from symptoms and prevent them from returning.

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